Terra Biota: Probiotic for Dogs

 

Terra Biota: Probiotic for Dogs

 

 

Terra Biota is a full-spectrum probiotic that combines the ecological community of symbiotic microorganisms that share the canine GI tract. This diverse community of microorganisms is known as the micro biome and also is known as the micro biota. The entire micro biota of canines includes skin, mouth, uro-genital, and the gastrointestinal tract.

Terra Biota is a combination of a variety of strains of microorganisms, reflecting the diversity of the microorganism population in the GI tract with a CFU content per serving (teaspoon) of 1.5 Billion CFUs. The multi- microorganism formula is micro encapsulated to ensure and protect specific microorganisms from damage as they travel through the stomach.

Terra Biota also contains a synergistic mushroom blend for prebiotic support, the specific earth elements kaolin clay and calcium bentonite for mineral and alkalizing pH support, as well as the additional prebiotics: MOS, and FOS, and the Soil Based Organisms, which are cultured probiotics found in healthy soils.

The Micro Biota

Recent advances in molecular methods have shown that the canine gastrointestinal tract harbors a highly complex microbial ecosystem. The microorganisms in mammals outnumber mammalian cells by 10 to one. For every mammalian cell there are 10 resident microbes. In essence humans, canines, felines, and equines are more microbe than mammal.

Molecular fingerprinting has demonstrated that every individual dog has a unique and stable microbial ecosystem. All dogs harbor similar bacterial groups but the microbiome of each animal differs substantially on a microorganism species/strain level. (1)

The micro biota is made up of microorganisms from fungi, including yeasts and molds, to microorganisms from soil, as well as protozoa, bacteria, and archaea (single cell microorganisms). The micro biota also includes viruses, but future studies will require more detailed characterization for a better understanding of their contributions to gastro intestinal health and disease. (2)

Gastrointestinal Tract

The microbes that inhabit this part of the canine body play a critical role in nutritional, developmental, defensive, and physiologic processes of the host. Recent evidence also suggests a role of the gastrointestinal tract microbes in metabolic phenotype and disease risk (obesity, metabolic syndrome) of the host. (3) Resident microbes play a key role in maintaining microbial homeostasis by preventing the colonization of pathogenic or non- residential microbes in the gastrointestinal tract. (4) Maintainance of a balanced microbial population is of critical importance to the health and well-being of dogs.

Oral cavity, stomach, small intestine, large intestine: The stomach of dogs contains a smaller number of microbes than the oral cavity because the acidic conditions of the

The Decline in Micro Biota

Soils that once contained a rich, diverse micro biota, have been reduced by chemical fertilizers, and the frequent application of pesticides and herbicides. For example in the 1960’s the bacteria L.reuteri was discovered. It was found in the GI tracts of 30-40% of the human population. Today it is found in 10-20% of the human population. (7)

Antibiotics: Scientists used to think that the microbial community was resilient enough to recover from antibiotic therapy. New studies show that the microbiota struggles to recover, especially from repeated assaults.

Preservatives: Kill bacteria in the food, and now are suspected to also kill bacteria in the body.

Antibiotic soaps and lotions: Reduce specific micro biota that inhabit the skin.

The Elements

The micro biota of canines is both complex, and unique to each individual dog. However, there are some basic elements of the micro biota in all canines: the oral cavity and GI tract microorganisms, soil organisms, fungi, and yeasts. The predominant beneficial microorganism families that inhabit the GI tract include: Bifidus, Lactobacillus (lactic acid bacteria) and Enterococcus species. Bifido bacteria and lactobacilli are known to directly inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria such as Clostridium difficile and Enterobacteriaceae.(8)
Polysaccharides in mushrooms (the fungi family) are prebiotics that can help to increase the number and or activity of the bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria. Prebiotics may also play a significant role in improving digestion, and enhancing mineral absorption.
Soil microoganisms (known as SBOs, or Soil Based Organisms) are found in healthy soils. Their role is to maintain a healthy biomass that supports the growth of animals and plants. The SBOs include fungi and yeasts. When dogs eat meat from animals that ate food grown on healthy, dynamic soil, they are gaining additional probiotic support for healthy colonization of GI tract microorganisms.

The Terra Biota Difference

• Combines thirteen different microorganisms known to populate the GI tract of canines, at a combined strength of 1.5 billion CFUs per serving.
• These microorganisms include: Enterococcus Themophilus, B. Bifidum, L. Salivarius, B. Lactis, L. Acidophilus, B. Breve, L. Plantarum, B. Longum, L. Reuteri, L. Rhamnosus, L. Paracasei, B. Infantis.
• These microorganisms support colonizations of healthy, beneficial bacteria starting in the oral cavity, and through the GI tract. Species commonly found in saliva samples include: L. salivarius, L. rhamnosus, and L. Patacasei. (12) The Bifidobacteria can be found in the oral cavity too, and studies suggest this comes from early exposure of the oral cavity to mother’s milk. (13) The Bifidobacteria species common to the oral cavity include: B. bifidum and B. Longum. (14)
• Since dental issues in dogs are quite common, specific support of the microbiota of the oral cavity is beneficial.
• Provides specific prebiotics: MOS and FOS, which can support the growth of Bifidobacteria species, that often diminishes in dogs as they age, as well as dogs who are under stress. MOS has shown to increase nutrient digestibility and stool quality. Both MOS and FOS are cultured from the yeast Saccharomyces cereviae, thus enhancing the formula with the additional yeast element.
• Provides a prebiotic blend of certified organic mushrooms: Shitake, Cordyceps, Maitake, Reishi, Turkey Tail, Royal Sun, Lion’s Mane, King Trumpet, and Antrodia. These mushrooms provide 1-3, 1-6 beta -glucan , which has been studied and documented as biological immunomodulators over the past 40 years. (9) (10) In vivo studies on beta-glucans on the responses to pathogen infections in animals have observed increased microbial clearance and reduced mortality in lethally infected animals. (11)
• Supplies the alkalizing clays: kaolin and calcium bentonite, that provide macro and micro minerals, which are co-factors for many biological reactions including: structural, electrolyte, enzyme actions, energy production from food breakdown, nerve transmission, and muscle action.
• Includes the SBOs (Soil Based Organisms), which are cultured versions of the beneficial fungi and yeasts found in healthy soils.

Choosing a probiotic supplement

There are many probiotic supplements on the market for canines. One of the critical aspects when assessing a probiotic formula is to look at the CFUs (Colony Forming Units), which is how live, viable cells are measured. Studies from various universities have highlighted that the CFUs for colonization of canine GI tract needs to be anywhere from 1 Billion to 5 Billion CFUs. Many probiotics on the market are only in the millions of CFUs per serving, so you will have to give multiple servings to get a minimum of 1 Billion. Companies that choose to use the scientific notation for CFUs may use: 1 x 106 (10 to the sixth power), which is one million CFUs, or 1 x 109 (10 to the ninth power) which is 1 billion CFUs. Also check the inactive ingredients, as often these products contain maltodextrins (corn sugar, GMO), and vegetable oils (GMO). Companies using organic oils will be GMO-free.

 

 

Feeding Directions

Terra Biota is not fed per weight of the dog, but by how many CFUs are needed.

For maintenance 1 teaspoon per day. May be divided into smaller servings, fed twice or three times per day
For dogs with common health issues:
infection, allergies, GI tract-related challenges
1-2 teaspoons twice per day, or as directed by your veterinarian

 

For use as a dietary supplement only. This product is not intended to cure, prevent, diagnose, lessen, or mitigate any disease. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.

Footnotes
1.    JS. Shuchadolski; Intestinal microbiota of dogs and cats: a bigger world than we thought. (2011) Vet Clin Small Anim 41: 261-272
2.    Ibid
3.     DY. Kil, KS. Swanson. Companion Animals Symposium: Role of microbes in canine and feline health. Joint Annual Meeting, July 11-15, 2010, Denver, Colorado
4.    Ibid
5.    Ibid
6.    CP. Davis, CD. Balish, et al. Bacterial association in the gastro intestinal tract of beagle dogs. 1977 Appl. Environ. Microbiol 34: 194-206
7.    Lactobacillus Reuteri good for health, Swedish study finds. 2010. Science Daily. Aug 18, 2013 (http://www.sciencedaily.com)
8.    R. Palframan, et al. Development of a quantitative tool for comparison of prebiotic effect of dietary oligosaccharides. (2003)  Letters in Applied Microbiology, 37: 281-284
9.    V. Vetricka, J. Vetvickova. Effects of yeast derived beta-glucans on blood cholestrol and macrophage functionality of Glucans, blood cholestrol, and macrophage function. (2009)  Journal of Immunotoxicology, 6 (1):30-35
10.      D. Elkhoury, C. Cuda, et al. Beta Glucan: health benefits in obesity and metabolic syndrome. (2012) J Nutr. Metab: 851362
11.      G. Hetland, N. Ohno, et al. Protective effect of beta-glucan against systemic pneumoniae infection in mice. (2000)   FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology; 27 (2): 111-116
12.    C.Simark-Mattson, CG Emilson, et al. Lactobacillus-mediated interference of mutans streptococci in caries-free versus caries active subjects. 2007. Eur J Oral Sci; 115: 308-314
13.    S. Ahrne, S. Nobaek, et al. The normal lactobacillus flora of health rectal and oral mucosa. 1998. J Appl Microbiol; 85: 88-94
14.     J. Maukonen, J. Matto, et al. Intra-individual diversity and similarity of salivary and faecal microbiota. 2008. J Med Microbiol; 57 (Pt 2): 1560-1568

References

S. Hooda, Y. Minamoto, et al. Current state of knowledge: the canine gastrointestinal microbiome. (2012)  Anim Health Res Rev. Jun; 13 (1): 78-88

JM. Simpson, B. Martineau, et al. Characterization of fecal bacterial populations in canines: effects of age, breed, and dietary fiber. (2002)  Microb Ecol 4: 186-97

Y. Benno, H. Nakao, et al. Impact of the advances in age on the gastro intestinal microflora of beagle dogs. (1992) J Vet Med Sci, 54: 703-706

M. Reichstein, M. Bahn, et al. Climate extremes and the carbon cycle. (2013) Nature, volume 500, august 15; 287-295

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